Herpetofauna of Lore Lindu National Park

whipsnake2The herpetofauna of the Lore Lindu Park is very little known. The few reptile surveys have identified 24 species from 13 families. The most famous is probably the reticulated python (Python reticulatus). This snake is still common in the Park below altitudes of 1000m, where it is probably the top predator and can reach over 6m in length. Although its diet usually consists of forest pigs (Sus celebensis), it has also been known to kill and eat people. There is a small trade in the skin of this species in Palu from animals that are opportunistically killed. The most commonly observed snakes are the racers (Elaphe erythrura and E. janseni), although other snakes encountered in the Park include the King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) and Green Whipsnake (Ahaetulla prasina). The park is also home to the endemic and little known Sulawesi Tortoise and the spectacular sailfin lizard Hydrosaurus amboinensis, the world’s largest agamid lizard (Whitten et al 1987), that can reach over 1m in length.

They are always found near water and are very able swimmers, and despite their large size and ferocious look they are actually the only primarily herbivorous lizards in Indonesia. Twenty-one species of Amphibians have been found in the Park, including four forms that may represent new species.

Family Species and Common Name

Geoemydidae

Cuora amboinensis Asian Box Turtle

Leptocephalon yuwonoi Sulawesi Forest Turtle

Emydidae

Indotestudo forsteni? Sulawesi tortoise

Agamidae

Bronchocela celebensis

B. cristatella Crested lizard

Draco beccarii

Hydrosaurus amboinensis (celebensis)

Dibamidae

Dibamus celebensis

Gekkonidae

Cosymbotus platyurus Flat-tailed Gecko

Cyrtodactylus jellesmae

Gehyra mutilata Four-clawed Gecko

Gekko gecko Tokay

Gekko monarchus Spotted house Gecko

Hemidactylus frenatus House Gecko

Scincidae

Emoia caeruleocauda Blue-tailed Skink

Lygosoma bowringi

Mabuya multifasciata Common sun Skink

Sphenomorphus parvus

Sphenomorphus variegatus

Sphenomorphus new species

Parvoscincus new species

Tropidophorus new species

Varanidae

Varanus salvator Common water monitor C

Cylindrophiidae

Cylindrophis melanotus

Elapidae

Naja sputatrix? Indonesian spitting cobra

Ophiophagus hannah King cobra R

Colubridae

Ahaetulla prasina Green whip snake

Amphiesma celebica

Boiga dendrophila Mangrove cat snake

Boiga irregularis Brown tree snake

Calamaria spp.

Chrysopelea paradisii Paradise tree snake

Dendrelaphis caudolineatus Striped bronze-back

Elaphe erythrura Red-fronted racer

Elaphe janseni Jansen’s racer

Enhydris plumbea Yellowbelly water snake

Oligodon waandersi

Psammodynastes pulverulentus Mock viper

Pythonidae

Python reticulatus Reticulated python R


Xenopeltidae

Xenopeltis unicolor Sunbeam snake

Crotalidae

Tropidolaemus wagleri Wagler’s pit-viper

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